Art Education × Digital

We examine the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) as one solution for improving the display media adopted in art appreciation classes. Art appreciation is gaining greater importance in Japanese education. However, the existing display media, as teaching tools, do not effectively present artworks for classroom study.

Publication

Since the 1980s, many museums and schools have been offering programs with the aim of deepening art appreciation, particularly in the United States. This has led to an intense focus on activities to promote art education, even in Japanese art museums. These efforts include, for example, the development of art appreciation programs and an art appreciation tools in collaboration with schools. In school art classes, appreciation learning has taken on greater importance for attaining a deeper level of appreciation during discussions on art.

In Japanese primary and secondary education, curriculum is created based on the educational guidelines developed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology (MEXT). Accordingly, Japanese students are required to take a course called “bijutsuka” (art course) from elementary school through high school. Students usually take an art class for about two hours a week. The Japanese “bijutsuka” art course is typically divided into two parts: “expression” and “appreciation.” “Expression” focuses on creating artworks such as painting, sculpture, and so on, while “appreciation” fosters the students’ ability to appreciate other artists’ artworks.
Increasing the class hours for art appreciation has been encouraged by the MEXT guidelines, based on the policy of placing priority on communicative learning and language activities.

Many art teachers are requesting the enrichment of presentation equipment and facilities at school to enhance appreciation instruction. In other words, in addition to improving the professionalism of teachers, the improvement of school infrastructure, in particular presentation equipment and facilities, is essential for students to enjoy better opportunities for appreciation learning.

Keywords: Art Appreciation, Display media, Interactive system, Virtual reality.